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“Without revolutionary theory there can be no revolutionary movement.”
-- V.I. Lenin
"No force, no torture, no intrigue can eradicate Marxism-Leninism from the minds and hearts of men."
-- Enver Hoxha
"If you do not condemn colonialism, if you do not side with the colonial people, what kind of revolution are you waging?"
-- Ho Chi Minh
“Every departure from class struggle has fatal results for the destiny of socialism.”
-- Enver Hoxha
"A nation which enslaves another forges its own chains."
-- Karl Marx
"Private property must, therefore, be abolished and in its place must come the common utilization of all instruments of production and the distribution of all products according to common agreement - in a word, what is called the communal ownership of goods."
-- Friedrich Engels
"The entire party and country should hurl into the fire and break the neck of anyone who dared trample underfoot the sacred edict of the party on the defense of women's rights."
-- Enver Hoxha, 1967
"Today, in fact, ‘Stalinism’ has become a meaningless term of abuse employed to denote political views with which one disagrees."
-- Bill Bland
"If you are neutral in situations of injustice, you have chosen the side of the oppressor."
-- Desmond Tutu
“The class struggle does not disappear under the dictatorship of the proletariat; it merely assumes different forms... The class of exploiters, the landowners and capitalists, has not disappeared and cannot disappear all at once under the dictatorship of the proletariat. The exploiters have been smashed, but not destroyed. They still have an international base in the form of international capital, of which they are a branch. They still retain certain means of production in part, they still have money, they still have vast social connections."
-- V.I. Lenin, 1919
"We are marching in a compact group along a precipitous and difficult path, firmly holding each other by the hand. We are surrounded on all sides by enemies, and we have to advance almost constantly under their fire. We have combined, by a freely adopted decision, for the purpose of fighting the enemy, and not of retreating into the neighbouring marsh, the inhabitants of which, from the very outset, have reproached us with having separated ourselves into an exclusive group and with having chosen the path of struggle instead of the path of conciliation. And now some among us begin to cry out: Let us go into the marsh! And when we begin to shame them, they retort: What backward people you are! Are you not ashamed to deny us the liberty to invite you to take a better road! Oh, yes, gentlemen! You are free not only to invite us, but to go yourselves wherever you will, even into the marsh. In fact, we think that the marsh is your proper place, and we are prepared to render you every assistance to get there. Only let go of our hands, don’t clutch at us and don’t besmirch the grand word freedom, for we too are ‘free’ to go where we please, free to fight not only against the marsh, but also against those who are turning towards the marsh!"
-- Lenin, “What is to be Done?”
"I have not brought you liberty, I found it here, among you."
-- George Kastrioti "Skanderbeg"
"[The children's] life will be better than ours; much of what was our life, they will not experience. Their lives will be less cruel. [...] Our generation has succeeded in doing a job of astounding historical importance. The cruelty of our life, forced upon us by conditions, will be understood and justified. It will all be understood, all of it!"
-- V.I. Lenin
"There is one, and only one, kind of real internationalism, and that is—working whole-heartedly for the development of the revolutionary movement and the revolutionary struggle in one’s own country, and supporting (by propaganda, sympathy, and material aid) this struggle, this, and only this, line, in every country without exception."
-- V.I. Lenin, 1917
"When the enemy attacks you, it means you are on the right road."
-- Enver Hoxha
"You'll hang me now, but I am not alone. There are two hundred million of us. You can't hang us all."
-- Zoya Anatolyevna Kosmodemyanskaya
"The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution was neither a revolution, nor great, nor cultural, and, in particular, not in the least proletarian."
-- Enver Hoxha
"Marxism is not only the theory of socialism, it is an integral world outlook, a philosophical system, from which Marx’s proletarian socialism logically follows. This philosophical system is called dialectical materialism.”
-- J. V. Stalin, “Anarchism or Socialism?”
“Nixon is to go to Peking! We are not in agreement. Therefore I think we should write to the Chinese a letter saying that we are opposed to this decision. Nixon is an aggressor, a murderer of peoples, an enemy of socialism — especially of Albania, which the USA has never recognised as a people’s democratic state and against which it has hatched a thousand plots. The invitation to Nixon will benefit imperialism and world reaction, and will gravely harm the new Marxist-Leninist Parties which have looked upon China and Mao Tse-tung as the pillar of the revolution and as defenders of Marxism-Leninism."
-- Enver Hoxha
"It is only the working class at the head of the masses, it is only the working class headed by its real Marxist-Leninist party, it is only the working class through armed revolution, through violence, that can and must bury the traitorous revisionists."
-- Enver Hoxha
“There were two ‘Reigns of Terror,’ if we would but remember and consider it; the one wrought murder in hot passion, the other in heartless cold blood; the one lasted mere months, the other lasted a thousand years; the one inflicted death upon ten thousand persons, the other upon a hundred millions; but our shudders are all for the “horrors” of the minor Terror, the momentary Terror, so to speak; whereas, what is the horror of swift death by the guillotine, compared with lifelong death from hunger, cold, insult, cruelty, and heart-break? What is swift death by lightning compared with death by slow fire at the stake? A city cemetery could contain the coffins filled by that brief Terror which we have all been so diligently taught to shiver at and mourn over; but all France could hardly contain the coffins filled by that older and real Terror—that unspeakably bitter and awful Terror which none of us has been taught to see in its vastness or pity as it deserves.”
— Mark Twain, "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court"
Monthly Archives: July 2011
Kwelin, May 10, 1939
Dear comrades: In the past, in my opinion and a good number of comrades, Trotskyism has seemed a matter of struggle between the trends within the Chinese Communist Party. So he hardly paying attention. But shortly before the outbreak of the war, more precisely since the end of 1936, and especially during the war, the Trotskyists criminal propaganda has opened our eyes. Then we started to study the problem. And our study led us to the following conclusions:
1 – The problem of Trotskyism is not a struggle between the trends within the Chinese Communist Party. Between Communists and Trotskyists Because there is no loop, absolutely no tie. It is a matter that concerns the whole people: the fight against the country.
2 – Japanese and foreign fascists know it. So try to create disagreements to mislead public opinion and undermine the popularity of the Communists, making people believe they are communists and Trotskyists in the same field.
3 – The Chinese Trotskyists (like the Trotskyists in other countries) are not a group, much less a political party. They’re just a gang of hounds of Japanese fascism (fascism and international).
4 – In all countries, the Trotskyists were good nicknames to disguise their dirty work of bandits. For example, in Spain, called Workers’ Party of Marxist Unification (POUM). Did you know that they who are the nests of spies in Madrid, Barcelona and elsewhere in the service of Franco? It is they who organized the famous “fifth column” of the army intelligence agency of the Italian fascists and German. In Japan, the League called Marx-Engels-Lenin (MEL). Japanese Trotskyists attract young people to their league, then reported to the police. They seek to penetrate the Japanese Communist Party in order to destroy it from within. In my opinion, the French Trotskyists, now organized around the Proletarian Revolution group set a goal to sabotage the Popular Front. On this subject, I think you are better informed than I am. China in our country [referring to Indochina, N. E.], Trotskyists are grouped into bands like La Lutte, the Japanese War, Culture and Red Flag.
5 – The Trotskyists are not only enemies of communism, but also enemies of democracy and progress. They are traitors and spies more infames.Quizás have read the indictments of the processes in the Soviet Union against the Trotskyists. If you have not read, I advise them to do so and to make them read to their friends. It is a very useful reading. Help them see the true face nasty Trotskyism and Trotskyists. Here, allow me to extract some passages relating directly to China. The true face of Trotskyism disgusting.
Before the court, the Trotskyist Rakovsky confessed that in 1934 when I was in Tokyo (as representative of the Soviet Red Cross) a high character of the Japanese government had said: “We have the right to expect from the Trotskyists a change in strategy. I will not go into details. Just wanted to say that we expect from the Trotskyists, actions conducive to our intervention in the affairs of China. “Responding to this Japanese Rakovsky said:” I will write to Trotsky about this. ” In December 1935, Trotsky was sent to his supporters in China, instructions that stressed several times that phrase: “Do not create obstacles to the Japanese invasion of China.” And how have acted Trotskyists in China? In a hurry to know, is not it? But, dear comrades, I can not respond in my next letter. Do not you recommend me to write short letters? Hope to see you soon.
1939: About Trotskyism (Letter to the Communist Party of Indochina)
Thousands of people attended the funeral of 613 victims of the 1995 Srebrenica massacre on July 11 in the Memorial Centre at Potocari.
Before the burial, some 7,000 participated in the “Srebrenica Peace March 2011”.
The Peace March is conducted on a mapped route, similar to that which Bosniaks [Bosnian Muslims] from the so-called “UN safe haven” used in 1995 to reach the territory under the control of the Army of the Republic of BiH following Srebrenica’s fall to the Army of Republika Srpska.
The route includes more than 80 kilometres of rugged hill terrain and mountains. Until now, the march mainly gathered people from Bosnia and Herzegovina but it has since grown into a more international event, drawing people from the United States, Europe, Asia and some African countries.
Bosnian Muslims gather annually in the East Bosnian town of Srebrenica for the remembrance service. Every year the remains of bodies that were recovered from mass graves and identified over the past 12 months are given a proper burial at the site. This year 613 bodies identified through DNA analysis were reburied next to the memorial centre and families will continue to search and identify bodies of loved ones afterwards.
The Srebrenica massacre in 1995 was the worst massacre in Europe since World War II. Thousands of Muslim civilians had sought shelter in a UN “safe area” guarded by lightly-armed Dutch UN Peacekeepers in the town.
When Christian Serb troops arrived and overran the town, they bowed to pressure and stepped aside. 8,372 Bosnian Muslims, mostly men and teenage boys, were systematically executed and their bodies dumped in hastily dug mass graves, in what the UN War Crimes Tribunal has classified as genocide. Many of the bodies were exhumed at the end of the war and buried in secondary graves away from the site, in an attempt to cover up the evidence.
On July 5, judges in the Netherlands ordered the Dutch Government to compensate the relatives of three Bosnian Muslim men killed in the massacre, opening the way to other claims by relatives who say the victims should have been protected in the safe zone during the Bosnian war.
The ruling opens the way for people to sue states for the actions of their troops even when they are under UN control.
It is the first anniversary since the arrest of Ratko Mladic in May 2011, a former Serb military leader accused of being the architect of the massacre.
Both Mladic and politician Radovan Kradzic, arrested in July 2008, were extradited from Serbia to The Hague, Netherlands. They are currently on trial facing several counts of war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity in the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslovia.
“Having him (Mladic) behind bars brings some comfort but the true relief will come only once I find the body of my 18-year-old son who was sent to death by Mladic,” said Munira Subasic, a member of the Mothers of Srebrenica group. In addition one of the last remaining fugitives, Goran Hadzic, was captured on July 20 in Serbia, a week after the Srebrenica anniversary.
To date only one guilty verdict of genocide relating to Srebrenica has been handed down by tribunal. Milorad Trbic, former commander of the Bosnian Serb army, was sentenced to 30 years in 2009.
Many Serbs still deny the genocide claiming the deaths were part of conflict, and view Mladic as a war hero.
Bakir Izetbegovic, Muslim member of Bosnia’s rotating presidency, said, “The Serb people are not ready to face the truth.” Commenting on the Serbian military leaders he added, “It takes too long for things to improve. We still face provocations from people who consider Ratko Mladic a hero.”
High Representative for Bosnia and Herzegovina, Dr Valentin Inzko, who is the highest political authority in the country and oversees the implementation of the 1995 Dayton Peace Agreement which ended the war, said, “Perhaps, there are still those who insist that the killers are not killers, that the victims are not victims, that the dead are not dead. But this depraved and persistent denial will disappear before the truth.”
The Bosnian Grand Mufti, Mustafa Cerić, speaking in 2010, called on Bosnian Muslims to pursue a “state in Europe that will protect us from the next genocide.”
Baroness Warsi, representing the British Government, delivered a speech to the Srebrenica Summer School on July 11 to mark the genocide.
Warsi said, “Srebrenica is a name that now resonates around the world as a lesson in the consequences of unchecked evil. But we must never lose sight of the fact that the genocide at Srebrenica is about the massacre of individuals – each of them mourned by friends, families and loved ones.”
The massive Ryugyong Hotel in Pyongyang is nearly ready to welcome guests after nearly two decades in the making, according to Architizer.
The pyramid-shaped hotel, the largest structure in North Korea and one of the tallest hotels in the world, will open in 2012, 33 years after it was originally set to accept guests.
Construction on the project was stalled for 15 years until 2008, when Egyptian conglomerate Orascom committed $400 million to finishing it, Architizer reported.
The tower’s sleek and shiny facade was finally completed this year.
The hotel, which has more than 3,000 rooms, will reportedly have five revolving restaurants. It is the only hotel in the world with more than 100 stories, though the Emirates Park Towers, which opened in Dubai this year, is technically taller.
North Korea’s Kumgang tourist district is also apparently ramping up on its efforts to attract tourists. The country reportedly agreed to allow foreign entities to invest in the troubled resort area in May.
The need for water as a basic element for human life
Water should be freely accessible to all living through it first arose and developed societies today. With the advancement of social division, this vital element has been used as a commodity, which prevents the free use, hurting not only humans, but life on the Environment.
In Chile, with the implementation of neoliberal economic policies that were only possible to implement with a fierce military dictatorship, serving entrepreneurs and multinationals, we were able to privatize a significant percentage of water companies in the country, then the governments privatization business (Concertación and Alianza por Chile) are doing all this on the backs of workers and peoples of Chile.
Today would have us believe that water is no longer a common good, but an element that is created by private water companies, when in fact all you have done is use the water stored naturally in the mountains, lakes, groundwater. These natural resources are the property of all Chileans, not just those companies that only perform the removal and purification process, which on any view, entitles them, except the rights given by law to service monopolies to decide, how, who and what value the water supply.
But this power of the water companies were granted and tailored, these powerful economic groups, puppet governments and legislative representatives and senators do not care who the real conditions of life for the vast majority of Chileans. The consequences today are felt by small and medium farmers, who see their crops are lost from the drought that is compounded from a piece of purchase water rights from estates and stripped of all mining possibility of this basic resource supplies, adding to this, the indiscriminate increases in domestic consumption.
Today is a clear lack of respect for thousands and millions of Chileans involved in their meager incomes, being forced to pay water bills that bear no relation to monthly income working families in rural areas, as well as the city is not possible for small and medium farmers are those who must bear, bear on their shoulders, the weight of poor planning, no control on the mining and estates that account for water for their purposes maximum gain, with minimal effort and investment. It’s easy and cheap to buy water rights: to make deeper wells that dry the remaining wells that feed on the same water table, making dams, rivers drying up. All these practices are known by, not only of the affected communities in the central region, repeat, but mayors, congressmen, senators and government of the day, today, begin to view with concern the loss of their influences , lies always blamed the weather for the lack of water for drinking and irrigating crops. That’s why rather than real changes in their interests, which deal, from some softening obliged not to lose influence to support such just demands of the inhabitants of the areas of Cabildo, Petorca Ligua, etc. and reflect on their demands, just aspirations of large sections of the country. But we know that economic policies in Chile are still valid and need a great social and political movement that goes beyond the work of putting in the hands of a few problems that can only be met with a serious involvement of rural communities, residents, trade unions and broader sectors are affected by usury and hoarding of natural resources, which must be employed by the Chileans, not transnational and private economic interests.
Chilean Communist Party (Proletarian Action) PC (AP)
Fascist onslaught in Norway has killed close to 100 people, targeting the political engagement and organization among progressive and democratic youth in particular
Norway was on 22nd July 2011 site of the worst terrorist attack in the Nordic countries since the Second World War, perhaps the most systematic slaughter of young people in recent history.
The death toll is approaching 100, of which 85 are young people who attended the summer camp of AUF (The youth organization of the Social Democratic Labour party).
Now we know that it was not fanatical Islamists, but the blonde, conservative westside boy, business founder, freemasoner and former Progress Party member Anders Behring Breivik (32) who was responsible for the bomb in Oslo and the massacre of 85 young AUF-ers on Utøya. A crime he has now confessed to have committed.
Even if it turns out that he has carried out the deed on his own or only with a few aides, Anders Behring Breivik not an isolated and random vermin. This crime has been carefully planned over time, and neither the ideas nor the methods have been invented by Behring Brevik himself. His inspiration has evidently come from a series of bloody attacks carried out by the Christian-fascist terrorist groups in the United States, actions directed at federal buildings, abortion clinics, and school massacres carried out by individuals.
Islamophobia and fascism
More and more evidence supports the fact that he has been part of an extremely reactionary and islamophobic environment who use the Internet in general and a Norwegian site in particular, http://www.document.no, as their main breeding grounds. Through sites of this type they have spread their hatred and incited one another, as well as the active use of discussion forums in the “serious” online media. Breivik, although he poses as anti-Nazi and pro-Zionist, is also reported to have been a bouncer for Nazi organizations and linked to the fascist EDP; European Defence League.
Besides a wildly racist hatred against Muslims and all the “Marxist-humanists” who defend immigrants and refugees, this environment has constructed a conspiratorial conception of the official ”political correctness” Norway, represented by the country’s political government, which supposedly acts as a compact majority in relation to the “national” and “patriotic” hate statements of Breivik and his likes.
As the summer camp at Utøya (an island some 50 km off Oslo) was the main target, it is fairly obvious that this is related to the distinct anti-racist profile of the AUF [the largest and most influential political youth organization in Norway – translator’s note], alongside with the AUFs close connection to the political center of power.
A Templar against Islam and Marxism
Breivik has recently published his detailed plans on the web, according to Dagbladet and TV2 . Freemasoner member Breivik regards himself as a Templar Knight and crusader who is spearheading the struggle against Marxism and Islamism. Nevertheless– or precisely for that reason? – Breivik has never come under the searchlight of the police intelligence agency PST, which for years has been so tightly focused on the Islamist groups in Norway that the simmering racist networks have been more or less ignored. Police and military terror experts present the Islamophobes as “something quite different” than the violent Nazi groups, claiming that the distance between Breivik hateful statements and actions he has committed was so great that there was no need to suspect him. That is an explanation that does not hold water, especially as anyone with minimal knowledge of these reactionary communities know that part of the Nazi community have restyled their appearance in order to make themselves more pallatable; they are even willing to “distance” themselves from Nazi ideology if deemed necessary in order to cooperate with or infiltrate other so-called “national” groups.
Although Breivik’s views are on the most extreme side, it is also a sad fact that Norwegian “patriotism” and hateful statements about Muslims commonly is spewed out also amongst ”Main Street Norwegians”, especially when in party mood after a number of pints. We should not cover up the fact that there is a huge undercurrent of racist attitudes that systematically are amplified and inspired by the media and politicians from most parties. This has been the reality every day since the “war on terror” began in 2001. The pretty words of “inclusion” and “tolerance” is of little help when the reality is that particularly refugees, but also well-established immigrants, are encountered by the police and authorities by means of criminalization and harassment. For a number of refugees the ”tolerance” is experienced in form of forced displacement and expelment from the country, even in violation of UN humanitarian principles.
The attitudes of the Norwegian society is built more on what the political elite and its bureaucracy does in practice, than by what they say in their speeches and their formal addresses.
The massacre should be an awakening
Non-European immigrants and refugees in Norway can now breathe easier. During the afternoon of 22nd July, in the hours after the explosion by the Government building, but before the shooting on Utøya became publically known, an ominous atmosphere was building up. In the media’s editorial boards, the conclusion was already on the desk, but not yet printed, that this was a terrorist act committed by extreme Islamists. The spin-doctors of the Progress party (Fremskrittspartiet) were polishing their media strategy for how to sledgehammer asylum seekers and Muslims in general, and thus reverse their declining opinion polls. Hate messages directed against Muslims flourished in thousands on Twitter and Facebook throughout the afternoon this fateful Friday. We hope that these ”twitterers” are strangled by their own false words and are vomiting in shame of themselves.
Considering the fact that this unimaginable tragedy actually has happened, it is, after all, better that the deed was committed by a Christian, Norwegian fascist and racist than that some insane jihadists were the culprits. This might be an awakening call for ordinary people, a backlash for prejudice and everyday racism, and perhaps it can also provide the basis for a political pressure to finally ban these fascist groups and communities who camouflage their criminal racism as a “national ideology”.
If racism and nazism is not crushed wherever it appears, the ground will continue to be fertilized for political fascist Templar Knights and mass murderers of Behring Breivik’s caliber.
On June 24, 2004 the General Secretary of Communist Youth of Côte d’Ivoire, Habib Dodo, was murdered by Student Federation [FESCI] of Côte d’Ivoire activists.
During a press conference held on June 23 in Williamsville, M. Ekissi Achy, secretary general of the Revolutionary Communist Party of Côte d’Ivoire, called for the reopening of the case Habbib Dodo. To believe his words, Habbib Dodo, the first Secretary General of the youth of that party and a founding member of the General Association of the youth of the Communist Party, was kidnapped, tortured and murdered by a gang belonging to FESCI [Student Federation of Cote d'Ivoire (FESCI)].
After seven years of procedure not followed and the disappearance of the prosecution case Habbib Dodo Abidjan, Mr. Achy Ekissi calls the new government to reopen this folder to see justice done. He therefore stressed that “Comrade Kouadio Kouadio Richard, also a member of AGEECI was murdered in the same conditions. For the perpetrators, as these young people had to wear them, the flag of the FESCI is to say, prevent pupils and students to question the descent into hell Ivorian school. While the enemies of the Ivorian school, freedom and democracy have declared persona non grata. “
To inquire about this new record, Mr. Achy Ekissi accompanied by the provisional president of the collective fight against impunity, Drissa Sheriff and the Secretary General of AGEECI Séka Jules went to the floor of Abidjan. But against all odds, he was brought to their attention, the disappearance of the file. It has meant that “we are not surprised by this information, because already in 2008, the major sponsors of the FESCI, reassured the defendants that the case was closed at the level of justice.”
In the words of the latter, a notion of reopening of the case will be presented to the public prosecutor and the minister of state for justice to be done about this crime. Because he said the duty to remember, is binding on all, criminals are accountable for their crimes. Secretary General of AGEECI, Jules Séka reaffirmed the continuing struggle begun by Habbib to achieve the full opening of freedoms, democratic practice in education, the cessation of all forms of violence and the decision of all crimes committed in education.
Continuing, he said that in this sense, a collective fight against impunity has been created. The provisional president of this group, Sheriff Drissa invites victims to be identified so that repairs be made to victims in order to guard against other crimes.
Representatives of the movement “Civil Action for the Rescue of the Pyramid” handed over to the Albanian President a petition against the demolition of the International Culture Center. Five days ago, thousands of people gathered in front of the Pyramid to protest against the Parliament’s decision for demolishing this building.
They signed a petition, appealing the highest state leaders to cancel this decision. The petition signed by 6100 citizens was sent to the head of the Albanian state, the President Bamir Topi.
Ardian Klosi, one of the initiators of this movement, declared that the people of Tirana are against this destructive act, and he believes that the President will take the necessary measures, with the power vested in him by the Constitution.
“According to the Constitution, the President has the right to return a law for being reviewed. This is a civil action, because the previous law was passed with a simple majority, without any explanation and against some clauses of the Albanian Constitution. This is a civil action that cannot perform legal steps in courts, but there will be consequent actions. It is important the fact that Tirana citizens and from all over Albania have shown their concern about this issue”, Klosi declared.
The petition to the Parliament, by mail
The representatives of the Civil Action for the Rescue of the Pyramid were unable to hand over to the Parliament the petition with 6100 signatures. Klosi received no answer from the Information Office or Protocol Office of this institution, except the receptionist.
“They suggested us to send it by mail. It is strange, because they received us very well at the Presidency. However, we will go to the post office and will mail the petition”, he added.
The Civil Action for the Rescue of the Pyramid sent a copy of the petition to the Prime Ministry and Tirana Municipality. According to Mr. Klosi, the civil movement asked Mayor Basha to keep the promise that he gave during the electoral campaign, for not allowing the demolition of this building.
Meanwhile, the book “The Pyramid, graceful, abandoned, endangered” will be presented in Tirana this Thursday, with a summary of 51 articles and comments from 42 different authors, which have been published in Tirana’s press regarding this issue.
Albanian Civil Movement Protests Against Demolition
A petition against the demolition of the International Culture Center signed by 6100 citizens has been sent to the Albanian President Bamir Topi by representatives of the movement “Civil Action for the Rescue of the Pyramid”.
“The Pyramid”, former mausoleum of Stalinist ex-dictator Enver Hoxha, was built in 1988 to commemorate Hoxha’s 80th birthday, three years after his death.
The pyramid-shaped cultural centre turned into now one of the capital’s most important historical landmarks.
The government, however, has turned a deaf year to objections raised by famous Albanian architects and avid defenders of the building from the opposition, according to a publication of Macedonian online news agency Kurir cited by Bulgarian counterpart CROSS.
Last week Albanian lawmakers approved plans to demolish the building to make way for new parliament.
Albanian Prime Minister Sali Berisha has said that the new parliament building is to be ready by November 28, 2012, when Albania celebrates its 100th anniversary of independence.
Five days ago, thousands of people gathered in front of the Pyramid to protest against the Parliament’s decision to destroy the building.
Ardian Klosi, one of the initiators of the protest movement, declared that the people of Tirana opposed the destructive act, adding that they were hoping that the Albanian head of state would take the necessary measures, with the power vested in him by the Constitution.
Toufan: The worker-activists must be released immediately and unconditionally from the prisons of the Islamic Republic of Iran!
To: The International Conference of the Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organisations, labour-activists, progressive organisations, and freedom loving people of the world
The criminal regime of the Islamic Republic of Iran has recently intensified the repression of the labourers and worker-activists. In the past few months, many labour-activists have been detained, imprisoned, and tortured by the security forces of the Islamic Republic.
Shahrokh Zamani, a house-painter and decorator has been in detention since June 7, 2011. He was arrested while traveling from the city of Tabriz to the Capital Tehran by a public bus. Shahrokh was involved in establishing the independent trade union “Painters’ Syndicate” and he is a member of the “Committee to Form Independent Worker Syndicates”. Shahrokh Zamani was kept in solitary confinement for more than a month. He went on hunger strike for a week to protest his detention and mistreatment. The regime of the Islamic Republic has transferred him to Tabriz prison. No official warrant for the arrest of Shahrokh was issued and no charges are filed against him.
The capitalist regime of the Islamic Republic is fearful of the formation of independent worker-organisations and of the unity of the workers with other sections of the society. The Islamic regime sees its end by the united and nation-wide strikes and protests of the labourers and is trying to suffocate any attempt to build independent and democratic workers’ organisations. Following this policy, the regime of the Islamic Republic of Iran has harassed, tortured and imprisoned Mansour Ossalou, Ali Nejati, Ebrahim Madadi, Torabian, and other prominent trade union activists for several years. Shahrokh Zamani, together with his comrades, Mohammad Jarrahi and Seyed (both are labour activists), and two university students Nima Pourhemmat and Sassan Vahhabi are the latest known victims of this criminal policy.
Our Party believes that repression of the workers and toilers by the regime of the Islamic Republic of Iran also serves the interests of imperialism and the world reaction. We strongly condemn the repressive actions of the Iranian regime.
The Party of Labour of Iran (Toufan) supports the just struggles of the labour-activists for a better working condition and we praise their attempts to form independent trade unions. We call on all fraternal Parties and the Marxist-Leninist Organisations, all worker-activists, and all progressive minded individuals of the world to express solidarity with the struggles of the Iranian worker-activists. The people of the world should be outraged over the imprisonment and treatment of the Iranian masses and labour activists and to demand the regime of Islamic Republic to free all political prisoners immediately and unconditionally. Only the intensification of the just struggle of the Iranian labourers and of the genuine international support for masses can force the Islamic regime to retreat and to stop the repression of the Iranian people.
Release Shahrokh Zamani and other worker-activists immediately and unconditionally!
Long live the struggles of the Iranian working class!
Down with the capitalist regime of the Islamic Republic of Iran!
The Party of Labour of Iran (Toufan)
July 16, 2011
Representatives from the two companies paid a visit to North Korea last week, invited by a domestic government-owned company that specializes in hosting foreign investments.
Although Pyongyang has introduced foreign food like pasta or hamburgers to its citizens, this would be the first international chain to open a branch.
The first chain is to be opened by this autumn, along with official supply of Coke.
North Korea is hastening the relaxing of its relationship with the western countries, allowing foreign news agencies like the Associated Press and Reuters to open branches in the capital.
As Coca-Cola and KFC are often referred to as symbols of global capitalism, not to mention American culture, the North’s intention brings about controversies concerning acceptance of the market system.
Hammami: revolution against old system must continue
In the large palace of sports of Tunis several thousand people participated in the first congress of the PCOT after decades of underground existence. It was first of all an event to show strength and give a signal to society that the PCOT is a significant political option. This certainly was achieved.
One is, however, inclined to wonder whether this displayed identitarian spirit might also turn into a problem to obtain wider consensus. While the overwhelming support for the revolution in society is undeniable and thus the central demand for a constituent assembly rallies a clear majority, this will certainly not be true for the communist symbols let alone for the specific Stalinist-Hoxhaist denomination. It is not by accident that some within the party proposed to change the name into Workers’ Party.
After a cultural program which not only stressed the communist heritage but also repeated the support for the Palestinian cause, came the central speech of Hamma Hammami, the leader of the PCOT, former political prisoner and widely recognized front figure against Ben Ali’s dictatorship. It touched central points of the current conflicts in Tunisia:
He insisted that the democratic revolution cannot be fulfilled if it does not become a social one, an anti-Zionist, an anti-imperialist one. Actually the movement did head in this direction as it was not by accident that the miners paved the way for the toppling of Ben Ali.
Hammami remembered, however, that the old elites still control the regime and that the old system so far has not changed much in terms of the societal structure. The poor continue to remain poor.
Actually we are faced with a counterrevolutionary regime which tries to stop the revolution by all means; Hammami said. For example the provisional government is reluctant to prepare the elections for the constituent assembly tacitly even trying to derail it. At this point Hammami called upon his people to register for the election and thus to help to transform the assembly into a revolutionary one.
Also at this point questions arise. While the inscription process is scheduled to be closed with the beginning of August, for the time being only a tiny percentage has registered. Certainly it is also possible to vote only by producing the identity card – as both PCOT and Ennahda demand. But the regime is likely to use this low inscription rate to delegimise the assembly. Some people think that the regime will even try to abort the elections. Under these condition the mere holding of the elections with strong popular participation is an act of continuation of the revolution. To achieve this, a co-operation with the Islamic forces seems necessary who also want the assembly to take shape.
Although Hammami in his speech defended Ennahda against the regime’s accusations to be behind some violent incidents, he nevertheless strongly lashed out against them on the question of the Islamic state and the Sharia laws. Given the fact that Ennahta has embraced a democratic state and thus the sovereignty of the people over legislation the attacks seems to echo the secularist sentiments – which apparently are also strong among the base of the PCOT. But these today play for the old regime who used to display itself as the saveguard for a secular state and continues to do so. Actually the main danger for the constituent assembly and the continuation of the revolution is exactly this secularist bloc which might even lead to abort the elections – remember the Algerian precedent.
Hammami closed with denouncing the NATO intervention in Libya and refusing any Imperialist intervention even under Arab disguise. He reiterated the support for the liberation of Palestine against Zionism.
Tunis, July 23, 2011
For the first time in 25 years, the Tunisian Workers’ Communist Party was able to hold a congress. Long banned, the party was legalised after the fall of President Ben Ali’s authoritarian regime.
BEN AROUS (TAP) - The official spokesperson for the Tunisian Communist Workers Party (PCOT) Hamma Hammami called for the establishment of a democratic regime whose foreign policy will be anti-imperialist and anti-Zionist and advocated the strengthening of ties between Arab peoples who share common aspirations for freedom and union.
In a meeting held on Wednesday at El-Mourouj, Tunis Governorate, under tight security and military protection, Mr. Hammami stressed on the urgent need to separate politics and religion so as to allow all citizens to practice freely their religious beliefs.
He warned, on this context, against making use of religion to serve political ends, as this could threaten the national interest.
“New Tunisia should favour coexistence among Muslims, Jews and Christians, and all convictions,” he reasserted.
Besides, Mr. Hammami stressed the importance of carrying on the militant fight to rid the country of the vestiges of the old regime, build up a democratic republic, one that bans tyranny, exclusion and marginalisation and ensures independence of the Judiciary, favours separation of powers and guarantees fair distribution of the country’s wealth and provides to all citizens a decent life.
Founded on December 25, 1980, the Communist Party of India Ghadar (CGPI) is the organized detachment of Communists who have dedicated their lives to the liberation of India and the emancipation of labor worldwide.
The CGPI doors are open to all those who wish to make the revolution of the mission of their lives – they agree to implement the program, the work of party organizations and pay monthly premiums.
The CGPI is committed to restoring the unity of all Indian communities.
The CGPI works to unite all communists, regardless of political affiliation, during a leadership class struggle and prepare the subjective conditions for an end to all exploitation of people by the people, for the victory revolution and communism on Indian soil.
The CGPI opposes all forms of social democracy and reconciliation with the idea of a “middle way” between capitalism and socialism.
The CGPI is opposed to all dealers of hope on the State of the Union of India, which is neither democratic nor secular, but the stronghold of colonial heritage, an instrument of capitalist-feudal exploitation and imperialist plunder.
The CGPI opposes those who justify state terrorism in the name of defending “national unity and territorial integrity.”
The CGPI not seek political power for himself. It is organized around the objective of securing power in the hands of the working class and oppressed.
All members of the fixed line and tasks of the party in Congress, which is the highest. The Congress elects the Central Committee to implement the line and perform all the tasks until the next Congress is convened.
The foundation of the CGPI is in its grassroots organizations in factories, workplaces, Mohall, chawls, towns and college campuses – the essential components of the class struggle.
The leading Party organizations at all levels. Party work is carried out based on the principle of collective decision making and individual responsibility.
The CGPI is committed to developing India’s revolutionary theory, a theory that emerges from the conditions of India and suitable for the development of communism here. We invite all the communists and enlightened minds to contribute to this work of theory, based on material balance and rich Indian thought the experience of the labor movement, from the present.
CGPI work is based on the theoretical principles of Marxism-Leninism and guided by contemporary Marxist-Leninist thought. Contemporary Marxist-Leninist thought is the sum, taken generally, the experience of the application of Marxism-Leninism to the conditions of the socialist revolution and socialist construction, the fight against modern revisionism and capitalist restoration, against fascism, militarism, imperialism and medievalism. It is not the final form of Marxism-Leninism in the economy, empowerment of the people and democratic renewal of India.
Come all who are concerned about the fate of the people, our ancient civilization! We will raise the banner of liberation, of profound changes underway! We will build the RUF on this program to fight!
Revolution is our right and duty. To fight for democratic renewal of India is the immediate task.
Let us together take up this task so that the crisis may end and opened the door for the advancement of society!
Hundreds of Albanians have demonstrated to protest against parliament’s decision to destroy a museum dedicated to the late Stalinist Enver Hoxha, one of the most emblematic buildings of the capital, Tirana.
Local media reported today that the protesters gathered last night at the museum doors, called the Pyramid, built in 1988 to glorify the cult of Hoxha, who died in 1985.
Over the past 20 years of democracy, the building has operated as a nightclub, cultural center, exhibition center and home to a local television station.
The protest was organized by intellectuals, writers and architects grouped in the civic movement “Action for the salvation of the Pyramid”.
Organizers began signing a petition calling for a referendum of citizens and against the demolition of the building, declared a cultural monument and located in the historic center of the capital.
The decision on Their Destruction was taken last 14 days the votes of 72 of the 140 deputies of the ruling Democratic Party and the absence of the deputies of the opposition Socialists, who have left the Parliament to protest electoral fraud to ensure the occurred in the 2009 elections.
“It can not be the center of Tirana is obscured by the pyramid built to perpetuate the memory of the ferocious dictator and postwar Europe,” said Prime Minister Sali Berisha.
The controversy is compounded by the plan to build a new building for the Parliament on the site free to stop the demolition of the pyramid, a project whose cost is not known but the means estimated at 110 million euros, an amount that would be donated Saudi Arabia.
The new building is intended to serve to celebrate 100 years of the country’s independence from Ottoman rule, which will meet next year.
Albania, one of the poorest countries in Europe, has already invested five million euros in the Pyramid transform into a theater and another 500,000 euros to renovate the current Parliament, before deciding to build the new headquarters. Saudi Arabia paid the new work as a favor to the burgeoning Muslim community.
On July 15 was held at the National Theater of the House of Culture, the event’s 47-year anniversary of the Marxist Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador. This event had the participation of activists, supporters and friends of PCMLE while international delegates attended the XV International Seminar on Problems of the Revolution in Latin America, representatives of social organizations and political revolutionaries of the different provinces the country.
The event went through a big party, which presented different forms of artistic expression, cultural and political. It was possible to link poetry with music, video, dance and speech.
Leaders of various social sectors greeted the party, the central intervention was provided by Oswaldo Palacio, PCMLE spokesman, who said: “Since the party was founded understood the need to address a number of urgent tasks needed to meet that goal the seizure of power. Organize and carry out the revolution has meant developing a deeper understanding of revolutionary theory of Marxism-Leninism, understand for sure the legacy of the founders of our doctrine, as well as assimilate their enseñadazas contributions from other prominent proletarian revolutionaries of the world; find the application of these principles to the reality of Ecuador multiethnic, multicultural, multinational and for this we had to move in multiple learning to know our country and its people to better understand how to bring the proposal and the revolutionary message, link with their needs, know their desires and work toward that party who listen to us and direct our efforts to shape their consciousness in the revolutionary purposes. The years of the party have done much to advance the construction and affirmation of the political and social forces to contribute to the development of organizations and alternatives necessary to make the revolution and establish popular power. “
We have fought and still do, said Palacios, for the adjournment PCMLE himself as a revolutionary political organization with its own physiognomy character Leninist, democratic and centralized at the same time, affirmed the principles, disciplined, loyal and consistent, that despite the perverse and provocative campaign is structured in different levels of development in all provinces of Ecuador.
“The path of these shows PCMLE 47 years as a party grows in spite of all the onslaught of the various governments and particularly the current one, against the left, ideology and revolutionary politics. We are winning greater influence while expertise and wisdom to accomplish the tasks, however we intend to grow to meet the challenges we have, the task that sends the present situations.
With joy we participate in the advancement revolutionary ideological, political and organizational our party and the need to appeal to all popular fighters to join the Marxist Leninist Communist Party, here in the communist ranks to find the possibility to train, organize and fight on the most noble that a man can spend his life, the emancipation of the workers and peoples, “said Oswaldo Palacios at the end of his speech.
The event’s anniversary PCMLE Carlos Hermida spoke of the Communist Party of Spain (Marxist-Leninist) on behalf of the international delegates attending the XV International Seminar on Problems of the Revolution in Latin America and said that for 47 years, the Marxist Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador has fought hard for freedom, social justice, national sovereignty and socialism, against the oligarchy and imperialism. It has done so without hesitation, strongly ideological, always keeping high the banner of Marxism-Leninism and proletarian internationalism, in this struggle the party has starred in heroic battles filled with sacrifice and blood of its members. Ecuadorian comrades you have made history, but history capitalized.
Numerous campaigns have driven the ruling classes against the party and its ideology, to Comrade Ermida “organic intellectuals of the bourgeoisie say that communism is dead, this anniversary shows that communism is alive, that is the force that buried capitalism . The PCMLE is an example for the Communists elsewhere, on other continents struggle against the common enemy. The international delegates when we return to our respective countries, will have what we have seen here, the revolutionary enthusiasm, the great ideological preparation and organizational skills.”
After the intervention, the international representative referred to the organized women and youth in the party and said: “I want to talk with special affection and enthusiasm to the young communists. You are the best example of the youth of Ecuador, mirror should look all young people today go out to continue your fight against capital and to develop political education, ideological and cultural in the future become the new pictures party. When socialism and the new nation a reality you could say I was here and I participate in this fight, that fight for a communist and communism is one of the nicest things you can do in life.”
estrevista PCMLE the national spokesman for the international seminar:
We arrived at the 15th. International Seminar “Problems of the Revolution in Latin America,” how do you interpret this?
Oswaldo Palacios: In our view this is a significant development in policy-making in tackling the problems and discussion between the left and revolutionary organizations in Latin America. The seminar has grown into a place of call, as a forum for discussion, broad exchange of experiences, delineation of actions, a group of parties, organizations and people left the continent. In each edition of the same we had that opportunity, which has undoubtedly helped to clarify, consolidate and deepen our practice, understood in the concrete reality of the processes and their characterization in each country. Therefore, the various “statements” that are approved and signed at the end of each event marked useful conclusions to promote the fight in different latitudes of our continent in particular ways.
In the current scenario takes what significance the seminary?
OP: For this 15th. editing is designated as a central theme “The struggle of the workers and peoples and the prospect of socialism,” which has aroused great expectations for the participation of national and international delegates. In the context of the global capitalist system, general and cyclical, we are now living and which are suffered by workers, the poor, there is a response from people, the exploited, against unemployment, poverty, oppression, exclusion, etc.. The demonstrations in various latitudes and levels required by the political liberties, democratic force against authoritarian regimes and illegitimate, the right to health, education, environmental protection, etc.. This constitutes a flow, a force that actually moves the international events, expressed against the system from different angles and perspectives. To the left, as would be more correct to say, it raised the challenge of how we link, or deepen our relationship with this vast movement. What we do to ensure that this flow is directed to the purposes of real change, which is not – as we know – another way to socialism.
These are some of the proposals that the PCMLE leads to 15th. Seminar?
OP: Look, but proposals are reflections, concerns are precisely the problems that we face the revolution and the revolutionaries to advance to new levels in emancipatory political processes of our countries and internationally. To our knowledge are pressing issues, current and viable on that need to exchange opinions, experiences, and to the extent possible, make arrangements for actions.
Hence the importance of active participation of international delegates who would no doubt provide interesting insights regarding this issue and for the MPD PCMLE as parties and event organizers, greatly value the presence and voice national delegates workers, peasants, indigenous people, young students, women, teachers, social communicators, we expect the arrival of all the provinces.
15th International Seminar: Problems of the Revolution in Latin America
The world is still shaking from the economic crisis of the capitalist system that broke out just over three years ago within U.S. imperialism. Its manifestations and effects spread rapidly, first to the more developed economies and then to the entire planet. The small and brief signs of partial recovery, extolled by the financial groups and economists who are defenders of the system as evidence that the crisis has come to an end, have only confirmed the cyclical nature of the crises, within the framework of the general crisis of capitalism.
The measures tried by the governments and international agencies to overcome the problems have resulted in their intensification. By the logic of the functioning of capitalism the working classes, youth and peoples in general become principal victims of the crisis, but they do not face it with resignation: they resist, they struggle and in important sectors they come out with proposals demanding that the crisis be paid by the capitalists who are responsible for it, not the workers.
Today in various parts of the world the fight for wages, jobs, education, and health care have been joined to the banners of democracy, freedom and other political rights. We are experiencing a period of the rise of the struggle of the masses and its torrent has brought down authoritarian and dictatorial regimes such as Ben Ali (in Tunisia) and Hozni Mubarak (in Egypt) and kept others in check. The questioning of bourgeois institutions is present in these struggles, as in the demands of the “indignant ones” in Spain, in the strikes by workers in Greece and England, and in the mobilizations of the youth in the Americas. It is obvious that the political expressions of the crisis are becoming prominent.
In Latin America the democratic, progressive and left-wing tendency is being affirmed and strengthened in the most advanced sectors. For some time we have seen that there has been a change in the political and social relationship of forces in the region: the neoliberal bourgeoisie and its parties suffered political and electoral defeats in several countries and lost positions in the administrative apparatus of the State; some progressive governments emerged as a result of the search for change by our peoples, of the fights waged against governments openly subservient to foreign capital and to the interests of the local ruling classes.
Without a doubt this new Latin American scenario marked a positive step for the peoples, for the democratic, progressive and left-wing forces because it encouraged the desire for change among the masses, it affirmed their confidence in their ability to overcome a system that has only brought hunger and hopelessness to the workers and peoples. A crucial aspect is that the new situation put the prospect of socialism as an alternative to the decadent capitalist system on the table for discussion.
However, over the years, we have seen the political limits of those governments. Some more rapidly than others have begun to turn to the right, betraying the expectations of the beginning of those new times for those who have always lived under oppression. Free trade agreements with imperialist countries or blocs, anti-popular laws, processes of criminalization of the social protest, handing over of natural resources to foreign capital and neoliberal economic measures have been adopted by almost all those governments that promised change.
Most of the regimes that encouraged the prospect of implementing profound economic, political and social changes, and therefore opened up spaces for the left-wing organizations to advance in the accumulation of revolutionary forces, have become obstacles to the advance of the struggle of the masses, to the perspective of the revolution and socialism; they are, in fact, governments that support the capitalist system.
The turn to the right taking place in the majority of those governments, in spite of the expectations of the ruling classes and imperialism, has not led to discouragement or frustration among the peoples. The desire for change is still present; it is shown in the protests against unemployment, for education, for the land, for water, against taxes, for democracy, because their voice is heard when it is time to make decisions in the spheres of government.
The prospect of the victory of the revolution and socialism is being maintained, it does not depend on what opportunism, reformism or any bourgeois pseudo left-wing faction does; it is in the hands of the workers and peoples, of the genuinely revolutionary forces. For the victory of the revolution, it is essential to utilize and combine all forms of struggle, according to the features present in each of the countries.
Now, in order to put an end to the contradiction that defines the nature of the epoch in which we live, the contradiction between labor and capital, we cannot ignore the fight against the policy that social-democracy in power carries out in the name of social change but for the benefit of the ruling classes and imperialist financial capital.
For the advance of the revolutionary struggle it is necessary to remove the nefarious bourgeois ideological influence in its different forms in the movement of the workers, the youth, women and the popular movement in general; to that end we must combine the momentum of the fight of the masses for their material demands and political rights with the ideological debate to expose the pro-capitalist character embodied in these proposals. The unmasking of opportunism and social democracy is part of the ideological struggle that we revolutionaries raise against capitalism and its defenders in general.
The organizations of the revolutionary left are the most advanced sector of the democratic, progressive and left-wing tendency, their responsibility is to work to ensure that the whole tendency and the peoples in general see and understand the political limits that the progressive governments have and the nature of those of a neoliberal character and above all, to ensure that they take up the banners and program of a genuine revolution that leads to socialism.
In this process, the policy of unity with the sectors and forces involved in the defense of the aspirations and rights of workers and peoples and to defend the sovereign interests of the country is essential.
Moreover, the unity must go beyond national borders, since, while the revolution is a process that must be implemented in each country, in essence it is an international movement. It is our commitment to form a great anti-imperialist front of the peoples, which is expressed in specific struggles and actions. The active solidarity with all those peoples who are fighting for social and national liberation and independence is part of our work. Today we express our support for the struggle of the Palestinian people against criminal Israeli Zionism, to the people of Puerto Rico in their struggle for independence; we reject the imperialist blockade established for five decades against Cuba and the presence of occupation troops in Haiti; we condemn all acts of political and military aggression and intervention by the imperialist powers against the peoples.
With our collective effort we have arrived at the 15th International Seminar that, year after year, has followed-up on the fundamental problems that circumstances impose on the revolutionary organizations. We reaffirm the importance of such events that allow us to sum up and share experiences; therefore we commit ourselves to continue this work and to publicize the agreements and resolutions made on this occasion. We call for a similar event next year.
15th International Seminar: Problems of the Revolution in Latin America
Quito, July 15, 2011
Revolutionary Communist Party of Argentina
Marxist-Leninist Revolutionary Party (Argentina)
Olga Benario Women’s Movement (Brazil)
Revolutionary Communist Party (Brazil)
Minga Sur Palmira – Alternative Democratic Pole (Colombia)
Communist Party of Colombia (Marxist-Leninist)
Communist Party of Labor of the Dominican Republic
Caribbean Youth (Dominican Republic)
Communist Party of Mexico (Marxist-Leninist)
Revolutionary Popular Front (Mexico)
National Democratic Front (Philippines)
Caribbean and Latin American Coordinator (Puerto Rico)
Communist Party (Bolshevik) Russia
Communist Party of Spain (Marxist-Leninist)
Socialist Revolutionary University Front (Venezuela)
Ana Soto Women’s Movement (Venezuela)
Education Movement for Emancipation (Venezuela)
Gayones Movement (Venezuela)
Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Venezuela
Revolutionary Youth of Ecuador
Ecuadorian Confederation of Women for Change
Democratic Popular Movement (Ecuador)
Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Ecuador
Less Than Zero is a novel, or perhaps a very short semi-autobiography, about rich young Americans in college, in Los Angeles. In a word, it’s a much less innocent Catcher In the Rye.
Reading this 22,000-word novel (barely longer than a short story) is as easy and as inexplicable as the feeling of gazing out a sunny window for a long period of time.
As the reader may or not may not know, your author is a near life-long fan of Mr. Ellis’s work, even though I am quick to label it reactionary. As I’ve mentioned before in my essay on postmodernism, his documentary-like style does an excellent job of examining the emptiness of life under bourgeois capitalism while at the same time doing all it can to romanticize the basis of it.
Ellis sneers at the age’s excesses while at the same time flaunting its greatest achievements. The good news is, that is barely pronounced here at all, and not nearly to the extent it would be in his second book, The Rules of Attraction.
Most of the focus is on the main character Clay, who narrates the story alone, but Ellis has masterfully made it feel as though it is third-person rather than first. This is because Clay is a passive narrator; he makes no harsh judgments. He does not limit our vision to his own. Clay has no investment in the world around him —- he merely watches and observes, opportunistically waiting for a chance for personal gain.
He is as confused and as hesitant as a youth with no identity to go with his lines of cocaine would be. In effect, this means there is never any overbearing “voice” or narrator in the story to impose a definite moral compass. Hence the reader will join Clay in his amoral, directionless carnality and in his careful disconnection.
There is much that is remarkable about Less Than Zero, for example the fact that it has virtually no plot (which is very much a good thing, there are far too few stories without plots these days; it only makes it more life-like), but more than anything what stands out is something Ellis is known for —- his descriptions of sexual encounters.
These are far less frequent here than say, in his magnum opus novel American Psycho, but they are his typical fare in that they have no pornographic appeal (quite the opposite), and are narrated with an emotionless, callous tedium and arrogant boredom which is fairly common in modern fiction, but never done quite this well. In fact, these sex scenes are only concentrated versions of the attitude of which the rest of the novel is made.
A book like this, which deals with the deepening disconnections between people under the alienation of capitalism by brutally insisting on the facts, is common, but Ellis has a voice of his own that is refreshing and pure.
Two of the consequences of the breakdown of religious belief under today’s imperialism (polls today show today that less people are religious than ever before) are
1) an increase in social awareness, and, paradoxically,
2) an increase in the focus on individualism and the physical side of life.
For if there is no higher plane beyond the grave, then surely the sole purpose of life, the highest goal any being can dedicate himself to (or so the capitalist logic goes), is to expanding and enhancing himself, to improving oneself by amorally experiencing every sensation in this world.
Taken as a whole, Ellis’s books are moralistic vilifications of human nature as selfish, bratty and excessively hedonistic, all the time not realizing that these are merely symptoms of a larger disease: the alienation felt by all, especially the youth he seems so disgusted with, under capitalism. As brilliantly honest and taboo-bashing as his stories are on the surface, and as hilariously dead-on his parodies of the so-called “American dream” may be, deep down his purposes are undeniably conservative.
Mr. Ellis would not answer to someone calling him a pessimist, though all his books are about angsty, egoistic and childish characters dealing with loneliness and drug addiction. What makes him unique is that he avoids the trap that his fellow postmodernist writers, such as the infamous Chuck Palahniuk, so often run into. Ellis refuses to say that by desensitizing oneself to the ugliness of the world, one will end up finding life more worth living, nor does he repeat the older-than-dirt cliché that “ugliness and violence can be beautiful in a way.”
No, Ellis is far too royalist for that. He has cultivated the image of the California Bohemian, the libertine, eccentric and educated “artist” who while stressing fulfillment, also stresses ethics. He sees no “better” possible relations for mankind, he sees only the avoidance of “excessive” excesses. In his mind’s eye, he sees himself as the post-beatnik, clean-cut rebel, while at the same time the lone guardian of a feudal code of honor, a pair of hands holding back the deluge of a thousand spoiled young Marquis De Sades.
To add a personal touch to this review, I read this marvelously short book that says so much in one day, in perhaps two sittings. There are no chapters to speak of, merely sections of perhaps a few paragraphs each, separated by spaces. It makes the work gently episodic but never choppy. There is nothing here as outwardly violent and raw as the sex-and-murder scenes from his later American Psycho – there is nothing here that seeks to “grab the reader by the throat” or make him experience challenging slices of animal emotion.
Less Than Zero flows so smoothly and so straightly that it can only be compared to a modern, R-rated Catcher In the Rye. Never have I read a book that so beautifully captures the lost, barren irreverence of youth while doing it in such a streetwise manner. There is never any attempt to impose an intensity or a purpose to the narrative; it merely exists. As such, it is intensely relaxing even as it is profound and fleeting.
Here, Ellis does something that so few authors can do gracefully: he relaxes his grip, and he lets the story flow.
“It is worth mentioning the international communist movement: the need to reinforce the Conference of Marxist-Leninist Parties as the main factor of proletarian internationalism, basing the relation among the parties on fraternal work and comradeship, but also on criticism and self-criticism. In that respect, one must mention the example of the attitude towards Bandera Roja, an organisation that refused to accept the criticism of the majority and was therefore expelled from the ranks of the Conference for its support for the Venezuelan oligarchy and imperialism, which tried to oust the popular government of Hugo Chavez.” — ICMLPO (Unity & Struggle)
Published: Monday, January 19, 2004
Bylined to: Patrick J. O’Donoghue
Bandera Roja says Chavez Frias has dragged left-wing banners into the mire
Celebrating 34 years of existence, Bandera Roja (BR) leader, Gabriel Puerta Aponte comments that Venezuela’s last guerrilla group is fighting the damage and mud-raking that the Chavez Frias administration has thrown over the traditional banners of the Left through the President’s demagogy … “what’s required now is not a left-wing, radical or revolutionary government ( that will come later) but a government that can get us out the crisis as soon as possible.”
In the company of BR general secretariat members, Armando Diaz, Rafael Venegas and Pedro Veliz Acuna, Puerta rejects accusations that BR is sharing policies with its traditional adversaries: Accion Democratica (AD) and the Christian Socialists (COPEI) as a compliment and says it shows political maturity … “if we speak about reconciliation, this is the best way to show that BR is not full of hatred … if we don’t show our sincerity, we would be like those taking about plurality, integration, unity but who want to hog everything when it comes to electoral processes.”
BR considers the unity factor as the Coordinadora Democratica’s biggest challenge and calls on would-be breakaway parties, Primero Justicia (PJ), Proyecto Venezuela (PV) and Causa R to sit down and discuss matters inside CD with transparency and responsibility.
There can be no return to the past, Puerto points out … ” the past is represented by a practice and conduct vis-a-vis power … before it was AD and COPEI … now it’s Movimiento Quinta Republica (MVR) and allies … Chavez Frias represents the past and continues the old practices of political cronyism, corruption, political segregation and treating the country like a feudal lord.”
“Chavez Frias has not approved a single measure that has annoyed the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and foreign capital has been the greatest beneficiary with this government.”
BR now sees itself as attempting to consolidate a center-left tendency in Venezuela along with other parties, preparing for any pendulum political movement that could produce a right-wing government, unwilling to facilitate change in Venezuela.
Published: Monday, January 22, 2007
Bylined to: Patrick J. O’Donoghue
Bandera Roja celebrates anniversary but doesn’t answer the real question
VHeadline.com News Editor Patrick J. O’Donoghue writes: In a statement marking its 37th anniversary, former guerrilla group Bandera Roja (BR) has called President Hugo Chavez Frias’ 21st-century Socialism a farce.
BR still considers itself an organization of Marxist-Leninists, “product of a collective struggle in which sacrifices and the contribution of hundreds of militants and leaders have helped overcome great obstacles and difficult situations to put BR where it is now.”
BR general secretary, Rafael Venegas accuses the President of being responsible for an economy that has lowered the standard of living, increased the number of beggars, housing deficit, infant mortality and with levels of violence and insecurity that have left 14,000 people dead last year.
- The organization also accuses the government of squandering Venezuela’s wealth inside and outside of Venezuela by ” buying consciences and rewarding loyalty, allowing corruption to become an extended cancer.”
The challenge for the party nowadays, Venegas states, is to convince people that the government’s Socialism is just a smokescreen to ultimately concentrate power in the hands of the Caudillo (Leader) and reinforce despotic, authoritarian and totalitarian power.
The National Assembly’s decision to grant a special legislative powers to the head of state, Venegas quips, should open up the possibility of confiscating salaries of deputies and he suggests that the money could be used to create a foundation to help street children.
Bandera Roja has yet to explain its alliance with a right- wing opposition over the past 7 years, whose first move in government will undoubtedly be to ban Bandera Roja as an extremist organization.
Two months have passed since the glorious revolution of January 14. In this period the town has made significant progress with its struggle and sacrifice.
After overthrowing the two governments Ghanouchi, the Tunisian people managed to impose their demands for a constituent assembly, the dissolution of the “Democratic Constitutional Union” and the political police. It also imposed great progress on freedom of expression, organization, assembly and demonstration. More despite all this, the revolution is half way and great danger looming over it, dangers that grow day by day.
Holds the power not the people who stood up against tyranny, exploitation and corruption, still in the hands of reactionary forces, which, through an interim and transitional government try to take over the revolution and reduce to a simple washing of the facade of the old regime. Kaid Beji Sebssi Mbaza and are not controlled, have refused to recognize the “National Council for the Protection of the Revolution” to avoid any control, on the contrary, have set up a consultative body for which they themselves have appointed members.
Kaid Beji Sebsso Mbazaa and have accepted the election of a Constituent Assembly but it is they who have set the election date without taking into account the interests of the people. Moreover, the dissolution of RCD, has not prevented reconstitution under the cover of new parties and organizations linked to them as the “National Union of Tunisian women.” It has been found that the dissolution of the political police has been limited to a mere formality as it continues to exist, practice of repression and torture, surveillance, wiretapping, cuts in internet … Some of his most notorious high positions the Ministry of Interior, responsible for killings and torture have not been bothered in the least.
Threats have resurfaced as in the days of the old regime under the pretext of “combating violence and disorder.” Police have repressed “sitting” in the Casbah and Mahdia. Multiply the discourses that distort the aspirations of citizens on security, to the detriment of social and political problems in order to divert the revolution.
Despite the suspension of the Constitution, the draconian laws are still valid: the press and association laws, parties, meetings and demonstrations. These laws should have been repealed and replaced by decrees that guaranteed freedoms, to avoid serious problems to the people.
The administration remains under the control of symbols “desturianos” of tyranny and corruption, and impose on the various government positions. They have renovated the old oppressive practices on the population, marginalized Protection Committees of the Revolution, local, regional and try to annihilate them.
The situation in the economic and financial means are similar, those responsible for looting the people, accomplices of the gang, maintain their power as if nothing had happened. Justice has not changed, undermined by corruption, which confirms the Magistrates’ Association. The media are still under the yoke of the henchmen of the regime of Ben Ali and maintain the same performance. No progress was made in the plans to prosecute and convict the representatives of tyranny and corruption, in which we must include the murderers of martyrs of the revolution in Sidi Bouzi. Buzayane Menzel. Regueb, Thala, Kassewrine, Tunisia and elsewhere. Re-emerging members of the circle next to Ben Ali and continue their provocative activities.
In the economic field, the transitional government did not show any willingness to take urgent measures in this critical period, the benefit of the masses. Most of the population, particularly in marginalized regions, feels that there is no change in their situation, enough criticism. Unemployment and high cost of living, still beating, public services deteriorate and the government shows no willingness to face these difficulties.
The government has not taken the time for revolution, even the minority who condemn the looting practiced by relying on despotism.
The government continues to enforce the terms of the budget decided by the dictator Ben Ali in December last, in which priority is given to the repayment of external debt contracted by the former regime, and to finance its massive security apparatus. Despite its temporary nature, this government has not hesitated to contract new external debt, nor has taken any steps to reduce prices of products and services that were under the control of monopolies of ruling members of the band. The families of the martyrs have not been compensated, not any action has been decided for impoverished regions.
The government justifies its position, relying on their provisional nature under the guise of not “take the magic wand” to fix the problems …
However, the government is discouraging the pursuit and prosecution of the gang of looters of public money and the confiscation of their property. Also, what prevents you from suspend debt repayments for some time, and use to solve people’s problems, as has been done in other countries? Why the price of basic food, water and electricity, not down? Why has not removed the charge on her television? Why not give any aid to the inhabitants of Sidi Buzid so they can electrify their wells? Why does not include proposals to hire senior teachers unemployed graduates?
The Communist Party of the Workers of Tunisia insists on the dangers that threaten the revolution, because it assumes its responsibilities. The people have the right to use all legal means to defend his revolution and its achievements, to confront the dangers that threaten it, is entitled to fight the government restricting their freedoms and trying to reduce activities to the debates the ‘highest court. ”
This period requires deepening the revolutionary process to achieve the objectives:
1 .- Keeping the National Council for the Protection of the revolution as a tool to control the provisional presidency and ensure the transition period.
2 .- To postpone the Constituent Assembly election until after the summer, to allow the people to choose consciously, and political forces well prepared.
3 .- To prevent the leaders of the RCD to organize new parties.
4 .- Dissolution effective and transparent political police and the prosecution of torturers, murderers and looters.
5 .- Clean up public administration and public semi eliminating corruption and representatives of repression.
6 .- Clean up the judiciary and allow them to be the judges who choose the Superior Council.
7.-Cleaning the media sector, eliminating the regime figures removed.
8.-The repeal of repressive laws and to respect people’s rights to freedom of expression, assembly and demonstration.
9 .- urgently Stop the murderers of martyrs and those responsible for crimes against the people, judging by the representatives of the old regime, confiscate their property and deposited their fortunes abroad.
10 .- Stop payment of foreign debt for three years and devote that money to create jobs and development of marginalized regions. Refrain from contracting new loans that would undermine the independence of our country.
11 .- Lower prices of basic consumer products, water, electricity, gas and the removal of the canon of the TV.
12. Urgently compensate the families of martyrs and victims of repression and looting during the revolution and during the events of the mining area of Benguerdane, etc.
Workers’ Communist Party of Tunisia
The Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Venezuela (PCMLV) expresses its solidarity with the people most enthusiastic of Tunisia and Comrade General Secretary Hamma Hammami brother Workers’ Communist Party of Tunisia (TCO) members of the International Conference Marxist-Leninist Parties and Organizations (ICMLPO) inflicted by the crushing blow to imperialism, taking the path of popular rebellion dictator Ben Ali. Showing that in the wake of the general crisis of capitalism in its imperialist phase and last, are the prelude to the proletarian revolution.
Political analysis made in our last meeting of the ICMLPO warned the aggression of the capitalists in their efforts to shift the burden of the crisis on the battered back the world’s workers, our response would be the organization and mobilization accompanying workers’ struggles , student, peasant and finding the failure of capitalism.
The fear of a chain of protest and rebellion in the constantly increasing Magre for European imperialism, as Americans, are attentive to developments in Morocco, Algeria, Lebanon, and Egypt, Ivory Coast, where the imperialist French, U.S. and British joined the chorus satanic attempt to impose international community in Ivory Coast opposition candidate Alassane Ouattaro thus preparing the status of a civil war to create the conditions for a military coup supported by the UN. The legitimate political position of President Laurent Gbagbo to respect the sovereignty of Ivory Coast has led to the expulsion of the ambassador of Great Britain and Canada, and economic pressures and threats from the U.S. State Department.
We see events in North Africa, southern Africa the Middle East in particular in Tunisia encouraged to continue the struggle against authoritarian governments, operators and fascists who repress the people tightening all forms of domination without any contemplation, struggles every day unmask operators and dictatorial regimes in the world.
The case of Tunisia and the growing rebellion in different countries demonstrations, protests and strikes in different continents is not an isolated case, is the result of the deepening general crisis of capitalism that since last year, is specifically expressed in Western European countries and now in the countries of North Africa, as a result of neoliberal policies, as higher prices on basic goods, unemployment, which increasingly threaten stability, the miserable conditions of life workers and people in general, which is far from being diminished. It is for them that the Marxist-Leninist communist parties of the world have the responsibility to lead and support the struggles of workers in the construction and building of socialism only alternative to the failure and bankruptcy of the capitalist system.
But at the moment when the bourgeoisie supposedly moderate Democrat Tunisia aims through deception and betrayal appease revolutionary proposals, and thus frustrate the hopes of the peoples of Africa in particular the people of Tunisia.
Long live the struggle of peoples against capitalism!
Viva the people of Tunisia!
Marxist Leninist Communist Party DE VENEZUELA